R22 vs R-410A Refrigerant

R22 vs. R-410A Refrigerant – Absolute Refrigerants

Want to learn more about R22 vs R-410A Refrigerant? When it comes to replacement options for R22 refrigerant, we often get asked what the difference is between R22 and R410A. This is not a simple or easy question to answer. This is because both refrigerants have cons as well as pros. Below is an R-22 vs. R-410A refrigerant comparison to help you make the best decision when replacing your old system. Whether you’re an owner or a technician, it’s important to understand the difference between the two and how you can use the best refrigerant for a given application.

R22 Refrigerant Usage

R22 is a flammable, colorless, and odorless refrigerant. It is commonly used in the United States residential and commercial refrigeration applications. It is also used in small commercial air conditioning systems and for low-temperature heat pump systems. The EPA has banned using R22 in new equipment manufactured after January 1, 2020. Still, it will be available for servicing existing equipment until 2030, which means that we could see a shortage in supply. 

R410A Refrigerant Usage

This new refrigerant has been approved by the EPA as an alternative to R-22 and is used in all new systems built today. R410A has many benefits over R-22, including better efficiency and improved system reliability. While it may be better for the environment than its predecessor, it still needs to be handled with care during installation and service.

Environmental Impacts

R-22 is known as an ozone-depleting substance (ODS). This means that when released into the atmosphere it contributes to ozone depletion and is harmful to the environment. The Environmental Protection Agency has banned its use as a result of its detrimental effects on the environment.

R-410A is a hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerant that does not harm the ozone layer. It was developed to replace CFCs as it has zero Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP). In addition, R-410A provides excellent energy efficiency with lower operating temperatures compared to R-22 systems.

Health and Safety Impacts

The most important factor for people who are looking for a new air conditioning system is safety. Refrigerant R-22 can be harmful to humans if not handled properly, especially if you work on old systems that have leaked into your home. In addition, refrigerant R-22 can be very dangerous if it makes contact with an open flame as it will explode, sending shrapnel flying everywhere.

R410A has no such dangers associated with it because it is a safe alternative that was created specifically to replace CFCs and HFCs (hydrofluorocarbons) that were being used in older systems. It’s also safer to work with than R-22 because there is no risk of getting burned or exposed to toxic fumes from leaking cylinders.

Affordability and Availability

The EPA banned the production of R22 in 2010 because it was found to contribute significantly to ozone depletion. As a result, supplies grew short and prices increased dramatically. However, despite its production being banned, it is still possible to find some R-22 refrigerants in the market. 

In contrast, R410A is an HFC refrigerant that does not contain chlorine or bromine as an essential element of its molecular formula. As a result, it’s not banned and can still be manufactured and sold for commercial use, making it cheaper than R22.

Capacity and Efficiency Rating

The most notable difference between R22 and R410A is the fact that R410A has a higher capacity than R22. This means that it can hold more moisture, which in turn means that you will not have to replace your air conditioner as often.

The efficiency rating of R410A is 10% higher than its predecessor, R22. This means that it will take less energy to cool your house down using R410A. Additionally, because it can absorb and release heat more effectively than R22, you will have more efficient heating throughout the winter months.


Whatever the direction of where you are planning to buy a refrigerant, it is important that you are well informed when making your decision. In these days of global warming and energy efficiency, the environment is a top priority for many people. Choosing a more environmentally friendly refrigerant is becoming ever more important. The professionals at Absolute Refrigerant will be able to assist you in making an informed decision based on your home or business needs. As always, feel free to contact them with any questions you may have about the refrigerants available and how they can further assist you.